Rainfall – Rainfall has generally slowed in most regions again this week with exception to Eastern Ontario in the Kemptville region. Norfolk and Sudbury exceeded their 10-year average rainfall totals in June, but the remaining growing regions had a chance to dry, coming marginally to significantly below their 10-year averages for rainfall totals for the month.
Brassica Crops – Flea beetle, swede midge and diamondback moth levels have been high in many areas of the province. Table 1 highlights the different insecticides registered on the different brassica crop groups for diamondback moth. Scout for imported cabbageworms, cabbage looper, aphids, thrips and tarnished plant bugs. Alternaria has been observed in a few fields along with fusarium yellows. It is good practice to incorporate all residue into the soil after a block is harvested and this will prevent the residue from being an inoculate source for Alternaria and a refuge for flea beetles.
Carrot – Stands are establishing well in most growing regions of the province. Carrot weevil activity should be winding down in most parts of the province but be on the lookout for damage.
Celery – Scout for aster yellows, tarnished plant bugs, cutworms and carrot weevils. The degree day threshold for aster leafhoppers and tarnished plant bugs has been reached in all growing regions.
Garlic – Leek moth captures are starting to build in all areas where leek moth has been recorded in the past. For the most effective management, use a delta trap with lure to take weekly counts of leek moth. Time applications 3-10 days after the peak adult capture from the sticky cards. Most insecticides registered must come into contact with the larvae, and by waiting 3-10 days after the peak capture you are timing the insecticide when most of the eggs have hatched and the larvae are starting to come out of the meristem. Take time to scout for leek moth damage; the damage can look like sawdust on the leaves. Managing leek moth levels this year will likely reduce damage next year.
Onions – The earliest seeded onions at the 6th to 8th leaf stage however most fields are averaging around the 5th leaf stage. Stemphylium leaf blight has been confirmed on transplants and direct seeded onions in the Holland and Thedford marshes. Luna Tranquility rotated with Quadris Top have shown to have the best activity on Stemphylium. Onion and seedcorn maggot flies are active in all areas. Relative to other years, low levels of thrips have been observed. Levels of thrips will generally start to increase as hay is cut and wheat is harvested, however, most areas have not reached the spray threshold of 1 thrips/leaf. Onion maggot damage, cutworm damage, smut and pink root have been found in transplants and direct seeded fields. When scouting, look for wilted plants and check the base for white, mycelial growth as conditions have been favourable for white rot.
Peppers – The earliest plantings of peppers are starting to see their first flowers open. Monitoring for pepper weevil should begin in most fields, as they can lay eggs in both flowers and buds. Peppers are also seeing more bacterial disease this spring and growers should monitor the situation in their crops closely, as wet weather will spread the disease.
Potatoes – Potato leafhopper numbers have been elevated in some fields. Be on the lookout for leafhoppers and symptoms of hopperburn on plants (seen in picture below). Eggs from overwintered Colorado Potato Beetle adults are hatching and larvae are actively feeding in some fields. If you used a neonic at seeding, make sure you are using a different mode of action for any follow-up applications on CPB. If you are not seeing the control you usually do, please contact Dennis (519-766-5337) for free resistance testing.
Tomatoes – The earliest plantings of tomatoes are starting to see canopy closure between the twin rows. If growers are doing a spray program for Phytophthora capsici, just before canopy closure is the ideal time for the first application. Growers are also seeing much more bacterial disease this spring when compared to others. Wet weather conditions will aide in the spread of bacterial disease across fields.
Pest Degree Day Forecasting
|Pest||Carrot Rust Fly||Onion Maggot||Carrot Weevil||Aster Leafhopper||Tarnished Plant Bug||Cabbage Maggot||Seedcorn Maggot||European Corn Borer|
|THRESHOLD||329-395, 1399-1711||210-700, 1025-1515||138-156, 455+||128+||40+||314-398, 847-960, 1446-1604||200-350, 600-750, 1000-1150||See legend below|
*- Bivoltine region for ECB. First Peak Catch: 300-350 DD, Second Peak Catch 1050-1100 DD
**- Overlap region for ECB. First Peak Catch : 300-350 DD Second Peak Catch 650-700 DD, Third Peak Catch 1050-1100 DD
***-Univoltine region for ECB. Peak Catch 650-700 DD
Use these thresholds as a guide, always confirm insect activity with actual field scouting and trap counts.
Select a region below for the latest weather, crop and pest degree day information: