Temperature – Daytime temperatures are forecasted to rise again moving into the weekend. Most regions remain above their GDD 10 year average.
Carrot rust fly is at threshold in all monitored regions below except for Essex and Sudbury. Onion maggot is at its threshold in Huron, Wellington, Simcoe, Durham, Peterborough, Kemptville, and Sudbury. European Corn Borer is at its threshold in Wellington with Sudbury and Peterborough expected to go through the threshold within the next week. Degree Day data for each region is shown below.
Rainfall – Most regions are forecasted to have some rainfall over the weekend with showers continuing throughout next week. Precipitation data for each region are shown below.
Brassica Crops – The level of imported cabbageworm and diamondback moths remain elevated in most areas and thrips have been observed in high numbers in some fields. Nutrient disorders are the most common problem in head brassicas, from tip dieback on leaves to uneven head development to leaf edema. The threat of downy mildew and bacterial pathogens remains high given the high humidity and colder nights. We are currently looking for Brassica downy mildew samples. If you are finding downy mildew in your field, please call 519 835-3382 or E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Carrots – Leafhopper counts have been quite high this year and aster yellows symptoms are starting to show up in carrot fields. Look for yellowing or reddish leaves with multiple small sprouts coming from the crown (Figure 1-2). When you pull the carrot up you should see lots of roots being produced (Figure 3). Carrots that are showing symptoms have already been infected by the leafhoppers a couple of weeks ago so continue to control the leafhopper vectors to stop the spread. Monitor for leafhoppers using orange sticky cards (Figure 4) or you can use a sweep net as well to track the peaks. Cercospora, Alternaria and bacterial leaf blights have all been seen in carrot fields now (Figure 5). Continue to protect the new leaves so there’s enough leaf area left for late-season bulking.
Celery – Early plantings of celery are being harvested. Bacterial leaf spot and blackheart/calcium deficiencies have been observed in low levels and conditions continue to be conducive for celery leaf curl. Continue to dig up stunted plants weekly to examine the roots for nematodes, the hearts for carrot weevil damage or blackheart.
Garlic – Monitor humidity levels while you are curing the harvested crop. In a closed environment, simply increasing the temperature may not pull enough moisture from the crop to cure it successfully. The Garlic Growers Association of Ontario (GGAO) is taking orders from members for clean planting material from the SPUD unit at the New Liskeard Agricultural Research Station, University of Guelph. GGAO members should E-mail email@example.com to place an order by August 15th, 2021. Roundels are expected to ship in September. For more information, see the garlic clean seed program here: https://onvegetables.com/2020/08/05/spud/.
Onions – Some fields are starting to lodge. Many onion fields are still green to the tip with Stemphylium and purple blotch moving in. The threat of downy mildew remains high given the high humidity and colder nights. The level of thrips continues to be low in most onion-growing regions. We are currently looking for Botrytis samples. If you are finding Botrytis lesions in your onion field, please call 519 835-3382 or E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Peppers – Many peppers are experiencing a tough year. With the wet July, there are fields with large patches of dead plants and the rest of the field is struggling along. Many growers estimate that their remaining plants are approximately 3 weeks behind, leaving them with a pretty poor first pick. Plants being this far behind during the hottest part of the year causes a problem as there is not enough foliage to cover the fruit, resulting in some significant losses due to sun scald. However, the plants are continuing to set fruit well and many hope for a better second pick near the end of August. Disease issues are also a concern for many pepper growers. Bacterial leaf spot is being observed in many fields and as long as the weather stays on the dryer side, the plants should continue to thrive. Other disease issue like Phythophthora blight is also being observed in large patches of the field, mainly where soils were saturated or standing water was seen. Managing drainage in the field is imperative for controlling soil borne diseases like Phythophthora capsici.
Potatoes – Continue being proactive in scouting for and spraying for late blight. In spite of good conditions for disease, growers have been vigilant and no late blight has been found in Ontario. Keep that up as many fields start to collapse and senesce.
Most fields have plenty of moisture and in some cases, a little too much. This stretch of nice sunny weather for most of the province will help dry those fields up a bit. The crop continues to bulk up very nicely.
Tomatoes – Early planted tomatoes are ripening up and harvest should be starting in a week or two. Due to the extremely wet July in some areas of the province tomatoes are struggling against many disease issues this season. Bacterial leaf spot is being observed in many fields along with other diseases that have not had a large impact on tomatoes in the past few years, namely Early Blight, Pythophthora capsici. and Pythium. P. capsici normally occurs in tomatoes as buck-eye rot affecting the fruit. This season is can be seen causing crown and root rot and foliar lesions as well. Managing drainage as best as possible can help to minimize the effects of soil borne diseases like P. capsici and Pythium.
Pest Degree Day Forecasting
*NOTE: Data as of Aug 4th, 2021
|County||Carrot Rust Fly||Onion Maggot||Carrot Weevil||Aster Leafhopper||Tarnished Plant Bug||Cabbage Maggot||Seedcorn Maggot||European Corn Borer|
|THRESHOLD||329-395, 1399-1711||210-700, 1025-1515||138-156, 455+||128+||40+||314-398, 847-960, 1446-1604||200-350, 600-750, 1000-1150||See legend below|
*- Bivoltine region for ECB. First Peak Catch: 300-350 DD, Second Peak Catch 1050-1100 DD
**- Overlap region for ECB. First Peak Catch: 300-350 DD Second Peak Catch 650-700 DD, Third Peak Catch 1050-1100 DD
***-Univoltine region for ECB. Peak Catch 650-700 DD
Use these thresholds as a guide, always confirm insect activity with actual field scouting and trap counts.
Select a region below for the latest weather, crop and pest degree day information: