Disease Insects Pest Management Vegetables

VCR: Vegetable Crop Report – May 16, 2019

The onvegetables vegetable crop report. Picture of south western ontario divided by counties and coloured based on degree days. Southern counties are red, central counties are orange and northern counties are green. bubble pictures of onion maggot on a leaf, leak moth on a trap, carrot weevils, onion downy mildew, and yellow sticky traps in an onion field

Ontario DD Map May 16 -Temperature – Many regions are below the 10-year average accumulated degree day average so far this year. Sudbury has had just over half the growing degree days compared to the 10-year average while Huron, Wellington, Chatham-Kent and Simcoe County are marginally ahead.

Rainfall –  Most regions have had above average rainfall in March and April and many are on track to also exceed the average rainfall in May. Precipitation levels shown in the charts below for 2019 show the precipitation up to May 15th compared to the total monthly average of the previous 10-years. Excess precipitation has delayed seeding across many areas of Ontario. Continuous rainfall and cool temperatures have not allowed many fields a chance to dry out.

Crop Updates

Brassica Crops – Cool temperatures and wet conditions have delayed transplanting across most areas of Ontario. This non-ideal weather has slowed plant growth and wet conditions have been conducive for damping off pathogens such as Pythium or Fusarium. Nights where temperatures have reached close to freezing have resulted in some blocks with tip dieback. Cool temperatures have resulted in slower development of insect pests. The degree day threshold for cabbage maggot emergence has not been reached in all areas of the province. 

Carrots – Carrot planting is delayed with some early acres seeded. Insect pressure is low at this time.

Celery – Transplanting has been delayed in many areas and in fields that have been transplanted growth is slowed.

Garlic – Lack of snow cover during cold winter weather and repeated freeze-thaw cycles in the early spring may have led to a higher amount of winterkill in some fields compared to other years. With the wide range of growing degree days across the province, many fields are between the 2nd leaf and 8th leaf stage. Overwintering leek moth adults have been detected in traps in Southwestern Ontario. At a threshold of 7 °C, leek moth requires approximately 445 degree days to develop from egg to adult ((Max Temp + Min Temp)/2) – 7°C.  Accumulation of degree days starts one week following peak flight of male moths captured in pheromone traps, and is reset to zero for each generation. Degree days have been reached for the first generation of seedcorn maggot in Essex, Chatham-Kent and Norfolk counties; dig up wilted/stunted plants and scout for maggots or feeding damage.

Onion – Direct seeded onions and transplants have had a late start and some direct seeded onions have emerged but growth has been slowed. Agricorp has extended the onion planting date for onions given the wet weather. Seed onion planting date of May 15th will be extended to May 22nd and the Spanish onion planting date of May 20th will be extended to May 27th. The first generation of onion and seedcorn maggot flies are active in Essex and Chatham-Kent County; dig up wilted/stunted plants and scout for maggots or feeding damage.

Potatoes – Potato planting has also been impacted by the cool and wet spring. Be wary of emergence issues and seed rots when planting into cold and wet ground. If you’re using cut seed, allow it to suberize/heal before planting, especially if you’re also using a liquid seed treatment.

Pest Degree Day Forecasting

Select a region below for the latest weather, crop and pest degree day information:

Essex County
Chatham-Kent County
Norfolk County
Huron County
Wellington County
Simcoe County
Durham County
Peterborough
Kemptville
Sudbury

Essex County

EssexDDMay16

EssexTPMay16

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Chatham-Kent County

Chatham-KentDDMay16
Chaham-KentTPMay16

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Norfolk County

NorfolkDDMay16NorfolkTPMay16

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Huron County

HuronCountyDDMay16HuronCountyTPMay16

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Wellington County

WellingtonCountyDDMay16WellingtonCountyTPMay16

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Simcoe County

SimcoeDDMay16SimcoeTPMay16

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Durham County

DurhamDDMay16DurhamTPMay16

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Peterborough

PeterboroughDDMay16PeterboroughTPMay16

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Kemptville

KemptvilleDDMay16KemptvilleTPMay16

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Sudbury

SudburyDDMay16SudburyTPMay16

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PestCarrot Rust FlyOnion Maggot Carrot WeevilAster LeafhopperTarnished Plant Bug Cabbage Maggot Seedcorn Maggo
THRESHOLD329-395210138-15612840314200
Essex 3162631347421173263
Chatham-Kent 2802301135915147230
Norfolk 24720193447125201
Huron 1771395825479139
Wellington 1671314920071131
Simcoe County1651284922369128
Durham 1621254520366125
Peterborough1751385419277138
Kemptville1951577336497157
Sudbury 876419502964

Thresholds

Use these thresholds as a guide, always confirm insect activity with actual field scouting and trap counts.

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