Temperature – Temperatures are expected to generally hold steady across most growing regions through into next week. Some regions have plateaued and or begun to slip marginally behind their GDD 10 year average in the past week. Carrot Rust Fly and Onion Maggot activity is expected to wrap up for the growing season over the course of the next week to ten days for all growing regions while the third and final generation of Cabbage Maggot will continue to emerge over the next week or two for Central and Eastern Ontario. Degree day data for each region is shown below.
Rainfall – Most regions received rainfall to some degree over the past week however some have certainly had more than others. Heavy thunderstorms with torrential downpours and heavy winds passed through Southern Ontario on Thursday afternoon (August 27) with more precipitation expected for most regions Friday into Saturday. Most regions will likely meet or exceed their average rainfall totals for August before months end on Monday. Precipitation data for each region is shown below.
Asparagus – It is time to start scouting for Purple Spot caused by Stemphylium (Figure 1 (Right) – below), which can affect next year’s crop if not controlled. Scout for the second flush of Asparagus Miners, the larvae should be beginning to feed. Although control is difficult and natural predators usually keep levels low, this pest can transmit Fusarium so it is useful to be aware of high levels.
Beans & Peas – With rain expected this weekend in the wake of Hurricane Laura, scout bean fields early next week for any signs of leaf lesions and defoliation. Previous rain events this season have led to severe disease likely caused by a Fusarium solani f.sp. or a similar species. Symptoms and disease progress are similar to Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome. See last week’s VCR for pictures of symptoms.
Brassica Crops – Alternaria is becoming more widespread across the province over the past week. Bacterial rots and downy mildew are present in some areas while tip burn is prevalent in fields with low amounts of moisture. Pressure from imported cabbage worms, cabbage loopers and diamondback moths remains high. The third generation of cabbage maggot is predicted for Durham, Kemptville and Norfolk growing regions based on growing degree days. Continue to scout for aphids and Leafminers.
Carrots – Carrots have been enjoying some of the cooler overnight temperatures we’ve had recently and are continuing to size up nicely.
Celery – Cercospora, leaf curl and Fusarium yellows are active. Disc harvested blocks to reduce pest pressure and plant a cover crop to prevent soil erosion. Continue to scout for tarnished plant bugs, aster leaf hoppers, Leafminers and aphids.
Cucurbits – The main disease front of Downy Mildew continues to move North towards Ontario. Confirmed outbreaks on squash and pumpkin have been reported in Indiana, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania. Powdery Mildew pressure remains high and can lead to defoliation in severe cases (Figure 1 (Left image) – above) , as well as petiole infection which can affect marketability. If you suspect a fungicide resistant powdery mildew outbreak please contact Andrew Wylie (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Onions – The pressure of thrips is building due to favourable conditions and in some cases, they are migrating from lodging or harvested fields. The risk of downy mildew varies but areas with heavy dews in the morning and longer periods of leaf wetness are at higher risk. Scout patches of the field that are not as green and look closely at the leaves to ensure that there is no fuzzy growth.
Peppers – Hand harvest continues for processing and fresh market peppers. No pepper weevils have been captured on outdoor survey traps. Growers should continue to scout for signs of the pest and check traps regularly. If you have caught a weevil and would like to have it looked at, please email pictures to Amanda Tracey at email@example.com or call 519-350-7134.
Potatoes – Late blight symptoms were observed on a few plants in the Norfolk region earlier this week. The field was immediately top-killed. We have had some conducive late blight weather recently so continue to be vigilant and protect any late fields.
Tomatoes – Harvesting for processing and freshmarket is ongoing. There was been a recent observation of late blight symptoms on potato in Norfolk County. Tomato growers should continue to scout for symptoms and apply general fungicides with activity against Phytophthora infestans. If a field is high risk (i.e. symptoms in field or neighbouring crop), growers should consider applying a late blight specific fungicide. Please see the post “Late Blight Update – August 26, 2020” for more information and links to resources.
Pest Degree Day Forecasting
|Pest||Carrot Rust Fly||Onion Maggot||Carrot Weevil||Aster Leafhopper||Tarnished Plant Bug||Cabbage Maggot||Seedcorn Maggot||European Corn Borer|
|THRESHOLD||329-395, 1399-1711||210-700, 1025-1515||138-156, 455+||128+||40+||314-398, 847-960, 1446-1604||200-350, 600-750, 1000-1150||See legend below|
*- Bivoltine region for ECB. First Peak Catch: 300-350 DD, Second Peak Catch 1050-1100 DD
**- Overlap region for ECB. First Peak Catch : 300-350 DD Second Peak Catch 650-700 DD, Third Peak Catch 1050-1100 DD
***-Univoltine region for ECB. Peak Catch 650-700 DD
Use these thresholds as a guide, always confirm insect activity with actual field scouting and trap counts.
Select a region below for the latest weather, crop and pest degree day information: