Cheryl Trueman (Ridgetown Campus, University of Guelph) & Janice LeBoeuf (OMAFRA)
It seems like recently there have been a rash of proposed or pending pesticide regulation changes that affect field growers, and tomato growers are no exception. There are re-evaluations ongoing for a number of products used in tomatoes, including mancozeb, neonicotinoids, and Lannate, as well as Ethrel, but the big one that comes to mind for field tomato growers is the proposed changes to the use of chlorothalonil (Bravo, Echo). The final outcome of this review is not yet known, but it’s likely that significant changes to the chlorothalonil labels are coming.
Chlorothalonil is a go-to fungicide for tomato growers. Data from trials at Ridgetown Campus demonstrate its value. Chlorothalonil is often just as good at controlling early blight, Septoria leaf spot, and anthracnose fruit rot as alternative fungicides, and it also provides protection from late blight, which many targeted fungicides do not. It’s a good value active ingredient for tomato disease management and has a low risk of resistance development. But, if proposed changes go through, the number of chlorothalonil applications you can use will be drastically cut.
So, have you thought about how you are going to adapt? Continue reading Making Lemonade Out of Lemons – A Tomato Fungicide Stewardship Tip Amidst Changing Regulations
Field peppers are susceptible to a number of pests and disorders that can lead to fruit rots. This can make managing rots quite difficult. This article outlines some key points to understand about the variety of pests, disorders, and contributing factors that lead to fruit rots. Continue reading Pepper fruit rots
Presentation slides from the 2017 Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Convention (OFVC) are now posted online. Field vegetable content at this year’s OFVC included: Continue reading Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Convention presentations now available online
The 66th Annual Muck Vegetable Growers Conference will be held April 12-13 at the Bradford and District Memorial Community located at 125 Simcoe St., Bradford, ON. The conference is free and registration starts at 8:30. For more details please see: http://www.uoguelph.ca/muckcrop/muckconference.html
Continue reading 66th Annual Muck Vegetable Growers Conference
There are many potential causes of fruit rot in tomato. In processing crops, we often see them when crop maturity is getting ahead of harvest.
The most important fact to know about anthracnose fruit rot of tomato is that while symptoms appear only on ripe fruit, infections can be initiated on green fruit (you can’t see those infections). Fungicide programs must begin early enough to prevent the initial infection of green fruit. You can’t spray away an infection that’s already happened.
Black mold (alternaria)
Overripe tomato fruit may develop black mold caused by Alternaria alternata. Symptoms can range from small, dark blotches to large sunken areas Lesions may develop soft, black fungal growth in warm, humid weather. Black fungal growth may also develop on existing wounds or lesions. Continue reading Tomato fruit rots
The Ontario Potato Board reports that for the second time this season, late blight spores have been detected in their spore traps in the Shelburne and Alliston areas. Late blight symptoms have not been detected, but it means that spores were present in the area. Continue reading Late blight spores detected in Dufferin and Simcoe counties – 2
To date, I know of no confirmed cases of late blight in Ontario, but there have been a couple of reports out of Michigan (on potatoes). Nevertheless, our experience of recent years would indicate we are likely to see it in Ontario tomatoes at some point in the season.
Remember that conventional tomato growers using a recommended fungicide program for early blight, septoria leaf spot, and anthracnose, are also protecting the crop from late blight infection. Cloudy and high humidity or wet conditions are favourable for late blight. The pathogen prefers cool temperatures. The disease is suppressed by hot, dry weather, but it can continue developing and spreading when suitable conditions return.
If late blight is found in the area, tomato growers should: Continue reading Late blight update – July 28